At the federal level, the Department of Energy (DOE) has the broadest responsibilities in regulating power generation and electric transmission, distribution, and retailing in the U.S.
Additional regulatory bodies handle specific aspects the energy and electricity industries in the U.S., including safety regulations and enforcement. These include:
- Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Note: FERC has designated the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) to oversee bulk electric generation and transmission (bulk-power).
- Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)
- Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement (BOEMRE)
- Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board
- Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
- Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA)
- National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
- Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSM)
- Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)